Periodontal disease, informally referred to as gum disease, is a systemic infection that can damage the soft tissues, bone, and supporting structures of your mouth when left unaddressed. Periodontal disease typically presents due to poor oral hygiene when bacteria is allowed to proliferate on the teeth and within the gum pockets of your mouth. Your body’s immune system recognizes this overabundance of bacteria as an infection and causes inflammation as part of its immune response, leading to many of the classic symptoms of periodontal disease including:
If left untreated, gum disease can increase your risk for heart attack, stroke, and lung infections. The good news is that with excellent oral hygiene gum disease is preventable and reversible.
The objective of non-surgical treatment is to remove the built-up bacteria from the gum pockets and stop the progression of any further damage to the soft tissue, bone, and supporting structures within your mouth without surgical intervention.
If non-surgical treatment fails, or in the case of severe gum disease, you may need surgical treatment in order to treat the infection.